Research Article

Effect of Musical Training on Temporal Resolution and Temporal Fine Structure Processing

Abstract

Background and Aim: Many aspects and features of auditory system can be improved by musical training. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a stringed musical instrument playing course on temporal resolution and temporal fine structure (TFS) processing.
Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 44 normal-hearing adults aged 20–40 years divided to two groups. The first group included 22 stringed musical instruments players (13 males) with at least three years of experience, and the second group were 22 non- players (13 males). The random gap detection test (RGDT) was used to measure temporal resolution aspect of hearing. For TFS processing, latest version of temporal fine structure-adaptive frequency (TFS-AF) test was used.
Results: The TFS-AF results showed no statistically significant difference between groups in different interaural phase differences (IPDs). The RGDT results showed significant differences between groups at 500, 1000 and 2000 Hz, but not at 4000 Hz. Spearman correlation test results showed no statistically significant correlation between the results of TFS-AF and RGDT.
Conclusion: Musical training has no effect on TFS processing but considerably enhances gap detection ability. Their underlying mechanisms for TFS processing and gap detection are different.

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IssueVol 31 No 1 (2022) QRcode
SectionResearch Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/avr.v31i1.8137
Keywords
Temporal processing temporal fine structures temporal resolution musical training stringed musical instrument gap detection

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How to Cite
1.
Pirouzmand Y, Nazeri A, Jalilvand Karimi L, Akbarzadeh Baghban A, Majidpour A. Effect of Musical Training on Temporal Resolution and Temporal Fine Structure Processing. Aud Vestib Res. 2021;31(1):69-73.