A review of the challenges facing people with hearing loss during the COVID-19 outbreak: toward the understanding the helpful solutions
Background and Aim: COVID-19 is a pandemic infectious disease caused by a novel coronavirus has made dramatic changes in people's individual, family, and social lifestyle. Most countries have implemented some regulations including wearing face masks, face shields, and gloves and physical, and social distance in public places to reduce the spread of the virus. However, these global recommendations may be associated with significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges for hearing-impaired people. This review explains the problems that hearing-impaired people may experience in the COVID-19 outbreak and also some helpful solutions that can be implemented by audiologists, healthcare professionals, and other members of the society that somehow interact with these people in such conditions that communication barriers increase.
Recent Findings: Recent findings indicate that wearing face masks, physical, and social distancing, e-learning and virtual communications during COVID-19 pandemic have provided some problems for people with hearing loss. This can, in turn, have negative consequences including increased feelings of loneliness, isolation and also some limitations in access to educational materials and rehabilitation training of lockdowns of schools and rehabilitation centers or some challenges of online learning at home.
Conclusion: People with hearing loss may experience problems during COVID-19 pandemic. There are some strategies that can be implemented to partially solve some communicative and social problems in this group. The use of transparent face masks, compensatory strategies, as well as optimization of virtual, and telehealth, telerehabilitation and tele-education services can be helpful for hearing-impaired people during this pandemic era.
2. Chodosh J, Weinstein BE, Blustein J. Face masks can be devastating for people with hearing loss. BMJ. 2020;370:m2683. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m2683
3. de Souza MFNS, Araújo AMB, Sandes LFF, Freitas DA, Soares WD, Vianna RSDM, et al. Main difficulties and obstacles faced by the deaf community in health access: an integrative literature review. Rev CEFAC. 2017;19(3):395-405. doi: 10.1590/1982-0216201719317116
4. Samadi J, Sedaei M, Rouhbakhsh N, Asad Malayeri S, Faghih Zadeh S. [Preparation and evaluation of SKI-HI: A parent-infant auditory training program for under 3- year -old hearing impaird children]. Audiol. 2006;15(1):20-6. Persian.
5. Bakhit M, Rohbakhsh N, Delphi M. [Evaluating hearing disability using Persian version of quantified Denver scale of communication function in adults with slight to profound hearing loss]. J Res Rehabil Sci. 2012;8(5):818-26. Persian. doi: 10.22122/jrrs.v8i5.536
6. Shukla A, Harper M, Pedersen E, Goman A, Suen JJ, Price C, et al. Hearing loss, loneliness, and social isolation: a systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;162(5):622-33. doi: 10.1177/0194599820910377
7. Ciorba A, Bianchini C, Pelucchi S, Pastore A. The impact of hearing loss on the quality of life of elderly adults. Clin Interv Aging. 2012;7:159-63. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S26059
8. Mousavi SZ, Movallali G, Mousavi N. [Loneliness, independence, and identity in deaf adolescents]. J Rehab Med. 2018;7(2):240-53. Persian. doi: 10.22037/JRM.2018.110850.1571
9. Rouhbakhsh N, Tatar Z, Alipour Haydari M. [A comparison of self-reported hearing handicap and audiometric thresholds in nursing home residents]. Audiol. 2006;15(2):46-52. Persian.
10. Chang HP, Ho CY, Chou P. The factors associated with a self-perceived hearing handicap in elderly people with hearing impairment--results from a community-based study. Ear Hear. 2009;30(5):576-83. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0b013e3181ac127a
11. Asghari A, Farhadi M, Daneshi A, Khabazkhoob M, Mohazzab-Torabi S, Jalessi M, et al. The prevalence of hearing impairment by age and gender in a population-based study. Iran J Public Health. 2017;46(9):1237-46.
12. Goldin A, Weinstein B, Shiman N. How Do Medical Masks Degrade Speech Reception? Hearing Review. 2020;27(5):8-9.
13. Naylor G, Burke LA, Holman JA. Covid-19 lockdown affects hearing disability and handicap in diverse ways: a rapid online survey study. Ear Hear. 2020;41(6):1442-9. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000948
14. West JS, Franck KH, Welling DB. Providing health care to patients with hearing loss during COVID-19 and physical distancing. Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol. 2020;5(3):396-8. doi: 10.1002/lio2.382
15. Grote H, Izagaren F. Covid-19: The communication needs of D/deaf healthcare workers and patients are being forgotten. BMJ. 2020;369:m2372. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m2372
16. Ten Hulzen RD, Fabry DA. Impact of hearing loss and universal face masking in the COVID-19 era. Mayo Clin Proc. 2020;95(10):2069-72. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.07.027
17. Gaeta L. Survey of hearing health during the COVID-19 pandemic: implications for service delivery. Am J Audiol. 2020;29(4):944-7. doi: 10.1044/2020_AJA-20-00037
18. Saunders GH, Jackson IR, Visram AS. Impacts of face coverings on communication: an indirect impact of COVID-19. Int J Audiol. 2020;1-12. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2020.1851401
19. Trecca EMC, Gelardi M, Cassano M. COVID-19 and hearing difficulties. Am J Otolaryngol. 2020;41(4):102496. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102496
20. Dimer NA, Canto-Soares N, Santos-Teixeira L, Goulart BNG. The COVID-19 pandemic and the implementation of telehealth in speech-language and hearing therapy for patients at home: an experience report. Codas. 2020;32(3):e20200144. doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20192020144
21. Tye-Murray N. Foundations of Aural rehabilitation: children, adults, and their family members. 1st ed. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group; 1998.
22. Tagupa H. Social isolation, loneliness, and hearing loss during COVID-19. Hear J. 2020;73(5):46-7. doi: 10.1097/01.HJ.0000666456.65020.b9
23. Eby TL, Arteaga AA, Spankovich C. Otologic and audiologic considerations for COVID-19. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;163(1):110-1. doi: 10.1177/0194599820928989
24. Fidan V. New type of corona virus induced acute otitis media in adult. Am J Otolaryngol. 2020;41(3):102487. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102487
25. Karimi-Galougahi M, Safavi Naeini A, Raad N, Mikaniki N, Ghorbani J. Vertigo and hearing loss during the COVID-19 pandemic - is there an association? Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2020. doi: 10.14639/0392-100X-N0820
26. Degen C, Lenarz T, Willenborg K. Acute profound sensorineural hearing loss after COVID-19 pneumonia. Mayo Clin Proc. 2020;95(8):1801-3. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.05.034
27. Mustafa MWM. Audiological profile of asymptomatic Covid-19 PCR-positive cases. Am J Otolaryngol. 2020;41(3):102483. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102483
28. Dham R, Arumugam SV, Dharmarajan S, Mathews S, Paramasivan VK, Kameswaran M. Interrupted cochlear implant habilitation due to COVID-19 pandemic-ways and means to overcome this. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2020;138:110327. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110327
29. Woodson E; Sydlowski S. CI surgery cancellations due to COVID-19. Hear J. 2020;73(4):38-9. doi: 10.1097/01.HJ.0000661624.87101.5a
30. Ayas M, Ali Al Amadi AMH, Khaled D, Alwaa AM. Impact of COVID-19 on the access to hearing health care services for children with cochlear implants: a survey of parents. F1000Res. 2020;9:690. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.24915.1
31. Ertugrul S, Soylemez E. Explosion in hearing aid demands after Covid-19 outbreak curfew. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020;1-2. doi: 10.1007/s00405-020-06246-7
32. Adarkwah MA. "I'm not against online teaching, but what about us?": ICT in Ghana post Covid-19. Educ Inf Technol (Dordr). 2020;1-21. doi: 10.1007/s10639-020-10331-z
33. Mseleku Z. A literature review of e-learning and e-teaching in the era of Covid-19 pandemic. Int J Innov Sci Res Technol. 2020;5(10):588-97.
34. Saunders GH, Roughley A. Audiology in the time of COVID-19: practices and opinions of audiologists in the UK. Int J Audiol. 2020;1-8. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2020.1814432
35. Swanwick R, Oppong AM, Offei YN, Fobi D, Appau O, Fobi J, et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on deaf adults, children and their families in Ghana. J Br Acad. 2020;8:141-65. doi: 10.5871/jba/008.141
36. Reed NS, Ferrante LE, Oh ES. Addressing hearing loss to improve communication during COVID‐19 pandemic. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2020: 10.1111/jgs.16674. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16674
37. Clark J, Donai J, Kraus N, Smith K, Sydlowski S, Zeng FG. Audiological needs, solutions in COVID-19. Hearing J. 2020;73(6):6,8-9. doi: 10.1097/01.HJ.0000669856.72319.7c
38. Movahedazarhouligh S, Vameghi R, Hatamizadeh N, Bakhshi E, Moosavy Khatat SM. Feasibility of telerehabilitation implementation as a novel experience in rehabilitation academic centers and affiliated clinics in Tehran: assessment of rehabilitation professionals' attitudes. Int J Telemed Appl. 2015;2015:468560. doi: 10.1155/2015/468560
|Issue||Vol 30 No 2 (2021)|
|COVID-19 face mask social distancing hearing-impaired people communication compensatory strategies|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|