Transcranial direct current stimulation in treatment of tinnitus

  • Abdollah Moossavi ORCID Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Sirvan Najafi ORCID Mail Department of Audiology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Transcranial direct current stimulation, tinnitus, neuromodulation

Abstract

Background and Aim: Approximately 20% of general population is struggling with tinnitus. Recent theories on tinnitus are mainly based on impairments in the central auditory system that can lead to tinnitus. Recent studies have shown that tinnitus is not simply a result of the involvement of one brain region or pathway; but it can be caused by simultaneous involvement of multiple brain regions. Due to lack of information about the tinnitus etiology, site, and pathophysiology, there is still no any specific and common method for its management. In recent years, neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed for management of tinnitus. In this study, we aimed to review the role of tDCS in tinnitus management.
Recent Findings: Based on the inclusion criteria, 7 eligible articles were selected for review. Most of them showed the beneficial effects of tDCS on tinnitus management.
Conclusion: The tDCS can be an effective technique for management of tinnitus. One of the main challenges for using tDCS in tinnitus patients is the differnce in stimulation parameters; therefore, more studies are recommended for obtaining its ideal parameters.

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Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
1.
Moossavi A, Najafi S. Transcranial direct current stimulation in treatment of tinnitus. Aud Vestib Res. 30(1):1-8.
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