The relathinship between tinnitus functional index and tinnitus handicap inventory scores in patients with chronic tinnitus
Background and Aim: Tinnitus can affect daily life. The evaluation of the affected aspects of life quality is highly dependent on the subjects’perception. Self-report questionnaires have been used to identify these affected aspects. In the present study, the relationship between the Persian versions of tinnitus functional index (TFI-P) and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI-P) was investigated.
Methods: This is a comparative cross-sectional study conducted on 28 hearing-impaired and 27 normal hearing subjects with tinnitus in aged 18−60 years selected according to the inclusion criteria. Both groups completed the TFI-P and THI-P.
Results: There was a significant and relatively strong relationship between the total scores of THI-P and TFI-P (r = 0.65) and also between the emotional subscale of TFI-P and the catastrophic subscale of THI-P (r = 0.73). Moreover, there was a moderate relationship between age factor and total score of TFI-P (r = −0.32), and between the cognitive subscale of TFI-P and age (r = 0.40). However, no significant difference was found between hearing-impaired and normal hearing subjects in terms of the total score and subscale scores of TFI-P. Furthermore, we found a significant difference between female and male subjects in terms of the relaxation subscale of TFI-P, and between duration of tinnitus and the quality of life subscale (r = 0.33).
Conclusion: The scores of the THI-P and TFI-P questionnaires are related to each other and they can be used for measuring the negative effects of tinnitus.
2. Langguth B, Kreuzer PM, Kleinjung T, De Ridder D. Tinnitus: causes and clinical management. The Lancet Neurology. 2013;12(9):920-30. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70160-1
3. Baguley D, McFerran D, Hall D. Tinnitus. The Lancet. 2013;382(9904):1600-7. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60142-7
4. Atik A. Pathophysiology and treatment of tinnitus: an elusive disease. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;66(Suppl 1):1-5. doi: 10.1007/s12070-011-0374-8
5. Kennedy V, Wilson C, Stephens D. Quality of life and tinnitus. Audiological Medicine. 2004;2(1):29-40. doi: 10.1080/16513860410027349
6. Meikle MB, Henry JA, Griest SE, Stewart BJ, Abrams HB, McArdle R, et al. The tinnitus functional index: development of a new clinical measure for chronic, intrusive tinnitus. Ear Hear. 2012;33(2):153-76. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0b013e31822f67c0
7. Mahdavi ME, Heydarpour Meymeh M, Nazeri A, Jalilvand H, Heidari F, Fathollahzadeh F. A preliminary study on the reliability of the Persian version of the tinnitus functional index in a military population. Aud Vestib Res. 2020;29(2):122-7. doi: 10.18502/avr.v29i2.2794
8. Chandra N, Chang K, Lee A, Shekhawat GS, Searchfield GD. Psychometric validity, reliability, and responsiveness of the tinnitus functional index J Am Acad Audiol. 2018;29(7):609-625. doi: 10.3766/jaaa.16171
9. Newman CW, Wharton JA, Jacobson GP. Retest stability of the tinnitus handicap questionnaire. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1995;104(9 Pt 1):718-23. doi: 10.1177/0003489495104009109.
10. Mahmoudian S, Shahmiri E, Rouzbahani M, Jafari Z, Keyhani M, Rahimi F, et al. Persian language version of the "Tinnitus Handicap Inventory": translation, standar¬dization, validity and reliability. Int Tinnitus J. 2011;16(2):93-103.
11. Peter N, Kleinjung T, Jeker R, Meyer M, Klaghofer R, Weidt S. Tinnitus functional index: validation of the German version for Switzerland. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2017;15(1):94. doi: 10.1186/s12955-017-0669-x
12. Kumar S, Kumar H, Chatterjee I, Hota BP, Kumari A. Transadaptation and standardization of tinnitus functional index in Bengali. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2017;16(6):36-44. doi: 10.9790/0853-1606023644
13. Wrzosek M, Szymiec E, Klemens W, Kotyło P, Schlee W, Modrzyńska M, et al . Polish Translation and validation of the tinnitus handicap inventory and the tinnitus functional index. Front Psychol. 2016;7:1871. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01871
14. Goodman, A. Reference zero levels for pure-tone audiometer. American Speech and Hearing Association. 1965;7: 262-3.
15. Seydel C, Haupt H, Olze H, Szczepek AJ, Mazurek B. Gender and chronic tinnitus: differences in tinnitus-related distress depend on age and duration of tinnitus. Ear Hear. 2013;34(5):661-72. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0b013e31828149f2
16. Verma R, Balhara YP, Gupta CS. Gender differences in stress response: Role of developmental and biological determinants. Ind Psychiatry J. 2011;20(1):4-10. doi: 10.4103/0972-6748.98407
17. McCormack A, Edmondson-Jones M, Fortnum H, Dawes P, Middleton H, Munro KJ, et al. The prevalence of tinnitus and the relationship with neuroticism in a middle-aged UK population. J Psychosom Res. 2014;76(1):56-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.08.018
18. Hallam RS, McKenna L, Shurlock L. Tinnitus impairs cognitive efficiency. Int J Audiol. 2004;43(4):218-26. doi: 10.1080/14992020400050030
19. Weeks JC, Hasher L. The disruptive - and beneficial - effects of distraction on older adults' cognitive performance. Front Psychol. 2014;5:133. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00133
20. Erlandsson SI, Hallberg LR. Prediction of quality of life in patients with tinnitus. Br J Audiol. 2000;34(1):11-20. doi: 10.3109/03005364000000114
|Issue||Vol 29 No 3 (2020)|
|Tinnitus tinnitus functional index tinnitus handicap inventory|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|