The relationship of expressive language development and social skills in 4-6-year-old Persian-speaking children

  • Maryam Vahab Department of Speech therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Sima Shahim Department of Exceptional Children, School of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
  • Mohammad Majid Oryadizanjani Department of Speech therapy, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Salime Jafari Mail Department of Speech therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Maryam Faham Department of Speech therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Keywords:
Expressive language, social skills, children, Persian-speaking

Abstract

Background and Aim: Social interaction plays an essential role in acquisition of speech and language as one of the most important developmental factors. The recent studies indicated that language abilities have a close relationship to social skills. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of development of expressive language and dimensions of social skills in 4-6-years-old Persian-speaking children.
Methods: In this study, 123 normal Persian-speaking 4-6-year-old children (76 boys and 47 girls) who had all the specific criteria for normality were randomly selected from several preschools in Shiraz, Iran. During the first stage of testing, test of language development (TOLD) was administered to investigate language development of participants; later, the social skills rating system (SSRS) including the teachers’ and parents’ forms were completed by the parents and teachers of participants. The data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficients.
Results: The correlations between expressive language and dimensions of social skills were significant (p<0.001), but teachers’ form had a greater correlation with language development (p=0.031). Besides, Pearson’s correlations between teachers’ and parents’ forms was not significant (p=0.27).
Conclusion: According to our results, expressive language develops along with social skills development. On the other hand, these results are based on the differences between home and educational environment in social skills achievements of children. These findings are to be considered to provide crucial training in both environments for the children to improve the development of their expressive language.

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Published
2017-07-31
How to Cite
1.
Vahab M, Shahim S, Oryadizanjani MM, Jafari S, Faham M. The relationship of expressive language development and social skills in 4-6-year-old Persian-speaking children. Aud Vestib Res. 21(4):28-36.
Section
Research Article(s)