The effect of auditory perception training on reading performance of the 8-9-year old female students with dyslexia: A preliminary study
Background and Aim: Dyslexia is the most common learning disability. One of the main factors have role in this disability is auditory perception imperfection that cause a lot of problems in education. We aimed to study the effect of auditory perception training on reading performance of female students with dyslexia at the third grade of elementary school.
Methods: Thirty-eight female students at the third grade of elementary schools of Khomeinishahr City, Iran, were selected by multistage cluster random sampling of them, 20 students which were diagnosed dyslexic by Reading test and Wechsler test, devided randomly to two equal groups of experimental and control. For experimental group, during ten 45-minute sessions, auditory perception training were conducted, but no intervention was done for control group. An participants were reassessed by Reading test after the intervention (pre- and post- test method). Data were analyed by covariance test.
Results: The effect of auditory perception training on reading performance (81%) was significant (p<0.0001) for all subtests execpt the separate compound word test.
Conclusion: Findings of our study confirm the hypothesis that auditory perception training effects on students' functional reading. So, auditory perception training seems to be necessary for the students with dyslexia.
2. Kaplan E, Sadock B. Synopsis of psychiatry: psychiatry behavioral sciences. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.
3. Vellutino FR, Fletcher JM, Snowling MJ, Scanlon DM. Specific reading disability (dyslexia): What have we learned in the past four decades? J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2004;45(1):2-40.
4. Learner J. Learning disabilities: theories, diagnosis and strategies. 7th ed. Houghton, Mifflin- Company; San Diego: 1997
5. Wagner RK, Torgosen JK, Rashotte CA. Developmental of reading-related phonological processing abilities: new evidence of bidirectional causality from a latent variable longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology. 1994;30(1):73-87.
6. Dockrell J, McShane J. Children's learning difficulties: A cognitive approach. 1st ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 1993.
7. Tallal P, Merzenich MM, Miller S, Jenkins W. Language learning impairments: Integrating basic science, technology, and remediation. Exp Brain Res. 1998;123(1-2):210-9.
8. Pirzadi H, Ghobari-Bonab B, Shokoohi-Yekta M, Yaryari F, Hasanzadeh S, Sharifi A. Case report :the impact of teaching phonemic awareness by means of direct instruction on reading achievement of students with reading disorder. Audiol. 2012;21(1):83-93. Persian.
9. Same Siahkalroodi L, Alizadeh H, kooshesh M. The impact of visual perception skills training on reading performance in students with dyslexia. Adv Cogn Sci. 2009;11(2),63-72. Persian.
10. Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N. Atypical brainstem representation of onset and formant structure of speech sound in children with language-based learning problems. Biol Psychol. 2004;67(3):299-317.
11. Groth-Marnat G. Handbook of psycological assessment. 4th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2003.
12. Azizian M, Abedi MR. Construction and standardization of reading level diagnostic test for third grade primary school children. IJPCP. 2006;11(4):379-87.
13. Joly-Pottuz B, Mercier M, Leynaud A, Habib M. Combined auditory and articulatory training improves phonological deficit in children with dyslexia. Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2008;18(4):402-29.
14. Elbro C, When reading is "readn" or somthn. Distinctness of phonological representations of lexical items in normal and disabled readers. Scand J Psychol. 1998;39(3):149-53
15. Bretherton L, Holmes VM. The relationship between auditory temporal processing, phonemic awareness, and reading disability. J Exp Child Psychol. 2003;84(3):218-43.
|Issue||Vol 22 No 4 (2013)|
|Auditory perception reading practice dyslexic|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|