Relationship between maternal emotional intelligence and theory of mind in students with hearing impairment
Background and Aim: Students with hearing impairment show delayed development of theory of mind (ToM) compared with normal children. One factor impacting development of theory of mind is parent-child interaction. The present study investigated the relationship between maternal emotional intelligence and theory of mind in students with hearing impairment.
Methods: The present study employed correlational research. 40 students with profound hearing impairment (age range: 8-14 years) and their mothers were selected to participate. Measurement instruments included the false belief task and emotional intelligence questionnaire. The questionnaire was completed by mothers. Correlational analysis and multiple regression methods were used for data analysis.
Results: Results indicated no significant correlation between the total score on false belief task and the emotional intelligence score and its components (p>0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that maternal emotional intelligence and its components cannot predict student's scores in false belief tasks (p>0.01).
Conclusion: The results show that there is no significant correlation between maternal emotional intelligence and theory of mind in students with hearing impairment. Therefore, maternal emotional intelligence cannot predict the development of theory of mind in students with hearing impairment.
2. Ibanez A, Huepe D, Gempp R, Gutiérrez V, Rivera-Rei A, Toledo MI. Empathy, sex and fluid intelligence as predictors of theory of mind. Pers Individ Dif. 2013;54(5): 616-21.
3. Blair RJR. Did Cain fail to represent the thoughts of abel before he killed him? the relationship between theory of mind and aggression. In: Repacholi B, Slaughter V, editors. Individual differences in theory of mind. Macquarie monographs in cognitive science. New York: Psychology Press; 2003. p. 143-70.
4. Mayer JD, Salovey P. What is emotional intelligence. In: Salovey P, Sluyter DJ, editors. Emotional development and emotional intelligence: implications for educators. New York: Basic Books; 1997. p. 3-31.
5. Ferguson FJ, Austin EJ. Associations of trait and ability emotional intelligence with performance on theory of mind tasks in an adult sample. Pers Individ Dif. 2010;49(5):414-8.
6. Meera SS, Prasad T, Bhat RJ. Language and theory of mind in children with hearing impairment- a preliminary study. JISHA. 2011;26(1):36-42.
7. Ruffman T, Perner J, Parkin L. How parenting style affects false belief understanding. Soc Dev. 1999;8(3):395-411.
8. Vinden PG. Parenting attitudes and children's understanding of mind: a comparison of Korean American and Anglo-American families. Cogn Dev. 2001;16(3):793-809.
9. Ghorbali A, Besharat MA. Evaluating the possible relationship between the maternal emotional intelligence and children’s theory of mind. Advances in Cognitive Science. 2013;15(2):40-9. Persian.
10. Lagacé‐Séguin DG, Coplan RJ. Maternal emotional styles and child social adjustment: assessment, correlates, outcomes and goodness of fit in early childhood. Soc Dev. 2005;14(4):613-36.
11. Barlow A, Qualter P, Stylianou M. Relationships between Machiavellianism, emotional intelligence and theory of mind in children. Pers Individ Dif. 2010;48(1):78-82.
12. Haddadi Kohsar AA, Roshan R, Asgharnezhad Faried AA. A comparison of student's emotional intelligence and mental health with their affective relationship in family. Journal of Psychology. 2007;1(4):69-87. Persian.
13. Hassanzadeh S, Mohseni N, Afrouz GA, Hejazi E. The study of cognition development in deaf children based on theory of mind. Research on Exceptional Children. 2007;7(1):19-44. Persian.
14. Bat-Chava Y, Deignan E. Peer relationships of children with cochlear implants. J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ. 2001;6(3):186-99.
15. Marschark M. Psychological development of deaf children. 1st ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1993.
16. Vaccari C, Marschark M. Communication between parents and deaf children: implications for social-emotional development. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1997;38(7):793-801.
17. Moeller MP, Schick B. Relations between maternal input and theory of mind understanding in deaf children. Child Dev. 2006;77(3):751-66.
Copyright (c) 2017 Auditory and Vestibular Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.