Behavioral problems in deaf populations: a literature review

  • Guita Movallali Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Fatemeh Torabi Mail Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatba’ee University, Tehran, Iran
  • Elham Tavakoli Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatba’ee University, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Behavioral problems, deaf populations, hearing populations

Abstract

Background and Aim: Studies have found that deaf individuals have higher rates of psychiatric disorders, such as behavioral problems, than those who can hear. The aim of this review was to provide a summary of the literature on behavioral problems, with specific reference to deaf individuals. The objectives of the review were to establish the prevalence of behavioral problems in deaf populations; describe the risk factor for behavioral problems in deaf populations; and describe approaches to intervention and behavioral problems prevention that have been used in deaf populations.
Recent Findings: A review of articles published between 1991 and 2013 showed that the prevalence of behavioral problems in deaf people is higher than that of hearing people. Risk factors for behavioral problems in deaf populations include language impairments, communication problems, the role of parents, and the community’s beliefs and attitudes regarding the issue.
Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of behavioral problems in deaf people, the effectiveness of prevention strategies should be examined. Consequently, it would be advantageous to increase the availability of specialist mental health services, promote deaf awareness including their abilities, promote awareness and skills development among teachers, staff, and specialists and implement behavior change programs.

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Published
2017-07-31
How to Cite
1.
Movallali G, Torabi F, Tavakoli E. Behavioral problems in deaf populations: a literature review. Aud Vestib Res. 23(5):14-26.
Section
Review Article(s)