Hearing aid-related satisfaction based on type and degree of hearing loss in elderly
Background and Aim: Hearing loss is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the elderly; using a hearing aid to alleviate auditory impairment can positively affect their quality of life. This research aimed to determine the level of satisfaction concerning hearing aids in elderly people with hearing impairment based on the type and degree of hearing loss.
Methods: An analytic cross-sectional research design was used; the sample included 40 elderly people who used hearing aids. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) age classification, participants were divided into two age groups: 65-74 years (n=20) and 75-90 years (n=20). Satisfaction levels were assessed using a standard satisfaction with amplification in daily life (SADL) questionnaire.
Results: Satisfaction levels in the 65-74 age group were significantly higher than that in the 75-90 age
group (p=0.02). Participants with mixed hearing loss revealed higher satisfaction levels than
participants with sensorineural hearing loss (p=0.02). On the negative effects dimension, participants with severe hearing loss exhibited significantly higher satisfaction levels than participants with moderate or moderate to severe hearing loss (p=0.01).
Conclusion: Total satisfaction mean scores were relatively high in the elderly participants. Negative features could be reduced via careful consultation regarding the aids’ amplifying capabilities and limitations in groups with moderate or moderate to severe hearing loss.
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