The cyberspace usage in students with hearing impairment and their motivations and their feeling of loneliness

  • Nafiseh Ghiamatyoon Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
  • Abbas Nesayan Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran
  • Guita Movallali Mail Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Loneliness, hearing impairment, cyberspace, internet

Abstract

Background and Aim: Social networking sites (SNSs), known in terms of cyberspace, are a very popular and accepted aspect of technology. Internet is more useful for hearing-impaired children and adolescents than the other users because of the type of communication and its possibility of hiding their disabilities. This study aimed to determine the relationship between using cyberspace and the motivation of hearing impaired adolescents and their feeling of loneliness.
Methods: Eighty five hearing impaired students with age range of 12-23 and mean age of 16.28±2.35 years took part in this study. All students were selected from special schools in Tehran city. Dehshiri loneliness scale and the questionnaire of characteristics of hearing impa­ired users of Social Networking Sites were used to collect data.
Results: The results showed that despite inferquent use of cyberspace for learning among hearing-impaired students, there was no relationship between motivation of using cyberspace and feeling of loneliness. Also, no correlation was found between feeling of loneliness and their activities in cyberspace except for chatting with other hearing impaired individuals (p>0.05). In other words, chatting with hearing impaired individuals had a positive significant correlation with feeling of loneliness (p=0.020).
Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, hearing-impaired individuals normally chat with their hearing-impaired peers when they feel lonely. Also, it was found that the use of cyberspace for learning is rare in hearing-impaired students. Thus, it is necessary for teachers and experts to provide appropriate facilities and useful internet use for these students.

References

1. Ghoreyshi Rad F. Assessment of Mental health problems in deaf and hearing adolescents. Journal of Exceptional Education. 2015;14(6):5-12. Persian.
2. Patel JV. Communicating with deaf people. Risk of ill health is increased. BMJ. 2010;341:c5986.
3. Fellinger J, Holzinger D, Pollard R. Mental health of deaf people. Lancet. 2012;379(9820):1037-44.
4. Sa'adati-Boroujeni S, Hatami-Zadeh N, Vameghi R, Kraskian A. Developing and validating a hearing-loss related quality of life questionnaire for adolescents. Journal of Rehabilitation. 2013;13(5):84-93. Persian.
5. Mahvashe Wernosfaderani A, Adibsereshki N, Movallali G. The effectiveness of life skills training on the social skills of hearing impaired secondary school students in inclusive schools. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2012;8(3):477-88. Persian.
6. Dunn JC, Dunn JG, Bayduza A. Perceived athletic competence, sociometric status, and loneliness in elementary school children. J Sport Behav. 2007;30(3):249-69.
7. Asher SR, Paquette JA. Loneliness and peer relations in childhood. Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2003;12(3):75-8.
8. Parkhurst JT, Asher SR. Peer rejection in middle school: Subgroup differences in behavior, loneliness, and inter¬personal concerns. Dev Psychol. 1992;28(2):231-41.
9. Rostami M, Younesi SJ, Movallali G, Farhood D, Biglarian A. The effectiveness of mental rehabilitation based on positive thinking skills training on increasing happiness in hearing impaired adolescents. Audiol. 2014;23(3):39-45. Persian.
10. Knutson JF, Lansing CR. The relationship between communication problems and psychological difficulties in persons with profound acquired hearing loss. J Speech Hear Disord. 1990;55(4):656-64.
11. Murphy JS, Newlon BJ. Loneliness and the mainstreamed hearing impaired college student. Am Ann Deaf. 1987;132(1):21-5.
12. Booth R. Loneliness as a component of psychiatric disorders. MedGenMed. 2000;2(2):1-7.
13. Morahan-Martin J, Schumacher P. Loneliness and social uses of the Internet. Comput Human Behav. 2003;19(6):659-71.
14. Mauri M, Cipresso P, Balgera A, Villamira M, Riva G. Why is Facebook so successful? Psychophysiological measures describe a core flow state while using Facebook. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2011;14(12):723-31.
15. Hsieh YP, Shen AC, Wei HS, Feng JY, Huang SC, Hwa HL. Associations between child maltreatment, PTSD, and internet addiction among Taiwanese students. Comput Human Behav. 2016;56:209-14.
16. Movallali G, Pirzadi H. Resilience and hearing impairment. J Rehab Med. 2015;4(2):144-58. Persian.
17. Barak A, Sadovsky Y. Internet use and personal empowerment of hearing-impaired adolescents. Comput Human Behav. 2008;24(5):1802-15.
18. Kožuh I, Hintermair M, Holzinger A, Volčič Z, Debevc M. Enhancing universal access: deaf and hard of hearing people on social networking sites. Univ Access Inf Soc. 2015;14(4): 537-45.
19. Blom H, Marschark M, Vervloed MP, Knoors H. Finding friends online: online activities by deaf students and their well-being. PLoS One. 2014;9(2):e88351.
20. Mashayekhi M, Borjali A. Internet use and feeling of loneliness among high school students. Advances in Cognitive Science. 2003;5(1):39-44. Persian.
21. Dehshiri GR, Borjali A, Sheykhi M, Habibi Askarabad M. Development and validation of the loneliness scale among the university students. Journal of Psychology. 2008;12(3):282-96. Persian.
22. Morahan-Martin J. The relationship between loneliness and internet use and abuse. Cyberpsychol Behav. 1999;2(5):431-9.
23. Alavi SS, Eslami M, Maracy MR, Najafi M, Jannatifard F, Rezapour H. Psychometric properties of Young internet addiction test. J Behavioral Sciences. 2010;4(3):183-9. Persian.
Published
2016-12-21
How to Cite
1.
Ghiamatyoon N, Nesayan A, Movallali G. The cyberspace usage in students with hearing impairment and their motivations and their feeling of loneliness. Aud Vestib Res. 25(4):234-240.
Section
Research Article(s)