Research Article

Effect of Sand Play Therapy on Aggression and Emotional Adjustment of Children with Hearing Impairment


Background and Aim: Sand Play Therapy (SPT) is a psychotherapy and nonverbal method used for people with trauma, disabilities, and distress. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SPT on aggression and emotional adjustment of children with a hearing impairment aged 5–7 years.
Methods: In this quasi-experiment study with a pretest-posttest design and a control group, 30 children aged 5–7 years with hearing impairment participated. They were randomly assigned into two groups: control and experimental. The research instruments were Sinha and Singh adjustment questionnaire and the Shahim aggression questionnaire. The obtained data were analyzed using multivariate covariance analysis.
Results: There were statistically significant differences (score decrease) between the two study groups after the SPT in terms of aggression (p<0.05) and the emotional adjustment of children (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that SPT could decrease aggression and improve emotional adjustment in children with hearing loss. This method can be used to rehabilitate these children.

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IssueVol 32 No 3 (2023) QRcode
SectionResearch Article(s)
Hearing impairment emotional adjustment aggression sand play therapy

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How to Cite
Saeidmanesh M, Demehri F, Alipour Esmaeili Anari Z. Effect of Sand Play Therapy on Aggression and Emotional Adjustment of Children with Hearing Impairment. Aud Vestib Res. 2023;32(3):198-203.