The effect of hearing impairment and intellectual disability on children's static and dynamic balance

  • Zahra Malekabadizadeh Mail Department of Exceptional Education, Exceptional Education Organization of South Khorasan Province, Birjand, Iran
  • Amirhossein Barati Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Khorashadizadeh Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran
Keywords:
Hearing impairment, intellectual developmental disorder, static balance, dynamic balance, Bruininks-Oseretsky-2 test

Abstract

Background and Aim: Children with hearing loss and children with intellectual developme­ntal disorders have defects in organizing and sensory integration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hearing impairment and intellectual disability on children's static and dynamic balance.
Methods: This cross-sectional comparative stu­dy was conducted on 17 boys with congenital severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (age 10.54 with SD=2.77), 30 boys with mild intellectual disability (age 10.23 with SD=2.05) and 42 normal healthy boys (age 9.42 with SD=1.79). Balance subtest of Bruininks-Oseretsky-2 test of motor proficiency was used in order to evaluate subjects’ static and dynamic balance. Statistical analysis was conducted usi­ng SPSS software through Kruskal-Wallis test and Duncan test.
Result: The results show that there is a signi­ficant difference between groups in static and dynamic balance. (p<0.05), the post hoc test showed that the group with hearing loss and intellectual disability group were significantly different compared to the control group, while no significant difference was observed between hearing loss and intellectual disability group (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Children with hearing loss and int­ellectual impairment compared to healthy chil­dren almost equally showed a lower balance performance and it is required to provide the children with rehabilitation programs to main­tain independence.

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Published
2016-06-29
How to Cite
1.
Malekabadizadeh Z, Barati A, Khorashadizadeh M. The effect of hearing impairment and intellectual disability on children’s static and dynamic balance. Aud Vestib Res. 25(2):82-88.
Section
Research Article(s)