Persian version of attitudes towards loss of hearing questionnaire
AbstractBackground and Aim: Investigations have shown that the patient’s attitudes toward hearing loss and hearing aids impact hearing aid benefits and its use. In this regard, Saunders and Cienkowski (1996) developed the “attitudes towards loss of hearing questionnaire” to examine some of the psychosocial factors underlying the use of hearing aids. This study has focused on preparing a Persian version of this questionnaire and analyzing its validity and reliability.Methods: The original English version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian, and its content and face validities were determined by related experts. The final questionnaire was administered to 100 hearing impaired people (52 males and 48 females) aged 30 to 65 years with the mean (SD) age of 54.54 (12.05) years. The test-retest reliability was assessed in 20 patients.Results: The results of face validity assessment revealed that our questionnaire has a high quality in translation, intelligibility, and cultural compatibility. The mean scores of the content validity ratio and content validity index of this questionnaire was 0.71 and 0.98, respectively. The mean (SD) total score of this questionnaire was 60.46 (10.02) and the mean scores of denial of hearing loss, negative associations, negative coping strategies, manual dexterity and vision and hearing-related esteem were 15.58, 12.10, 20.40, 5.30, and 7.08, respectively. The overall Cronbach α value was 0.798. The test-retest reliability showed good results for the global score (Intraclass correlation = 0.989).Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, the Persian version of the questionnaire possesses satisfactory validity and reliability.
2. Wilson C, Stephens D. Reasons for referral and attitudes toward hearing aids: do they affect outcome? Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2003;28(2):81-4. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2273.2003.00669.x
3. Saunders GH, Cienkowski KM, Forsline A, Fausti S. Normative data for the attitudes towards loss of hearing questionnaire. J Am Acad Audiol. 2005;16(9):637-52. doi: 10.3766/jaaa.16.9.2
4. Hallam RS, Brooks DN. Development of the hearing attitudes in rehabilitation questionnaire (HARQ). Br J Audiol. 1996;30(3):199-213. doi: 10.3109/03005369609079040
5. Jacobson GP, Newman CW, Fabry DA, Sandridge SA. Development of the three-clinic hearing aid selection profile (HASP). J Am Acad Audiol. 2001;12(3):128-41.
6. Dillon H. The 2006 Libby Harricks memorial oration: hearing loss: the silent epidemic. Who, why, impact and what can we do about it. ACT: Deafness Forum Limited; 2006.
7. Saunders GH, Cienkowski KM. Refinement and psychometric evaluation of the attitudes toward loss of hearing questionnaire. Ear Hear. 1996;17(6):505-19.
8. English K, Rojeski T, Branham K. Acquiring counseling skills in mid-career: outcomes of a distance education course for practicing audiologists. J Am Acad Audiol. 2000;11(2):84-90.
9. Jo BH, Shin EY, Kim JS. [A study of validity for psychometric evaluation using attitude toward loss of hearing questionnaire (ALHQ) for the hearing imp¬aired]. Audiol Speech Res. 2011;7(1):19-27. Korean. doi: 10.21848/audiol.2011.7.1.19
10. Bastos BG, Amorim RB, Ferrari DV. Attitudes towards hearing aids. Rev CEFAC. 2009;11(suppl 1):116-28. doi: 10.1590/S1516-18462009005000018
11. Aaronson NK, Acquadro C, Alonso J, Apolone G, Bucquet D, Bullinger M, et al. International quality of life assessment (IQOLA) project. Qual Life Res. 1992;1(5):349-51. doi: 10.1007/BF00434949
12. Humes LE, Wilson DL, Humes AC. Examination of differences between successful and unsuccessful elderly hearing aid candidates matched for age, hearing loss and gender. Int J Audiol. 2003;42(7):432-41. doi: 10.3109/14992020309080053
13. Erler SF, Garstecki DC. Hearing loss- and hearing aid-related stigma: perceptions of women with age-normal hearing. Am J Audiol. 2002;11(2):83-91. doi: 10.1044/1059-0889(2002/020)
14. Arlinger S. Negative consequences of uncorrected hearing loss--a review. Int J Audiol. 2003;42 Suppl 2:2S17-20. doi: 10.3109/14992020309074639
15. Goorabi K, Hosseinabadi R, Share H. Hearing aid effect on elderly depression in nursing home patients. Asia Pac J Speech Lang Hear. 2008;11(2):119-23. doi: 10.1179/136132808805297296
16. Erber NP. Use of hearing aids by older people: influence of non-auditory factors (vision, manual dexterity). Int J Audiol. 2003;42 Suppl 2:2S21-5. doi: 10.3109/14992020309074640
17. Meister H, von Wedel H. Demands on hearing aid features--special signal processing for elderly users? Int J Audiol. 2003;42 Suppl 2:2S58-62. doi: 10.3109/14992020309074640
18. Kricos PB. The influence of nonaudiological variables on audiological rehabilitation outcomes. Ear Hear. 2000;21(4):7S-14S. doi: 10.1097/00003446-200008001-00003
19. Meyer C, Hickson L. What factors influence help-seeking for hearing impairment and hearing aid adoption in older adults? Int J Audiol. 2012;51(2):66-74. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2011.611178
20. Hickson L, Meyer C, Lovelock K, Lampert M, Khan A. Factors associated with success with hearing aids in older adults. Int J Audiol. 2014;53 Suppl 1:S18-27. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2013.860488