Vestibulo-ocular reflex gain and compensatory saccades in three semicircular canals by video head impulse test
AbstractBackground and Aim: One of the tools for assessing the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is using video head impulse test (vHIT). In this test by placing the head at different angles and shaking the head, three semicircular canals of the vestibular system in each ear can be examined separately. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the low and high velocities of the vHIT test with VOR and its compensatory saccades.Methods: The vHIT test was performed by an examiner in 49 normal individuals aged 23–39 at low and high velocities. All participants had normal hearing, visual, and vestibular systems. Results: Mean gains in the horizontal, anterior and posterior semicircular canals in the right ear respectively were 0.92, 1 and 0.90 and in the left ear 0.93, 0.99 and 0.95 for low velocity and 0.78, 0.92 and 0.79 in the right ear and 0.80, 0.85 and 0.86 in the left ear for high velocity. Also, the number of compensatory saccade at high velocity was higher than those at the low velocity and the latency of compensatory saccade was lower at the higher velocity.Conclusion: In the vHIT test, VOR gain decreases at high velocity that is statistically significant. Also, compensatory saccades are more likely to occur at high velocity with smaller delay. Therefore, high-velocity vHIT test is not recommended for the purpose of examining the VOR gain and compensatory saccade.
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