The effect of positive parenting program on parenting stress of mothers with impaired hearing children

  • Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
  • Ali Asghar Kakojouibari Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
  • Tayebeh Mohtashami Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
  • Narges Yekdelehpour Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Positive parenting program method, impaired hearing, parenting stress

Abstract

Background and Aim: Research indicates that impaired hearing is one of the most stressful
disabilities. The parenting stress involved could lead to family malfunction and improper parenting. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of positive parenting programs on the parenting stress of mothers with impaired hearing children.
Methods: The statistical population comprised mothers of all 7-12-year-old impaired hearing children in Tehran city. Thereafter, using the random sampling method, 24 individuals were shortlisted as research participants and were randomly assigned to two groups: control and experimental. The experimental group was trained with a positive parenting program based on the Sanders program (1993) over eight sessions. The measurement instrument was the Abidin parenting stress questionnaire.
Results: The mean score for grades in the experimental groups’ parent and child domains at the preand post-test stages had reduced more than that in the control group. In addition, the results of a multivariate covariance analysis indicated that positive parenting training was effective in the
reduction of parenting stress scores, reinforcement, and child mood components in the child domain, and in the feelings of competence, relationships with the spouse, and role limitation components (p<0.05) in the parent domain.
Conclusion: Considering the benefits of training parents for the reduction of parenting stress of
mothers with impaired hearing children, this method is recommended in all learning centers for the deaf.

References

1. Aliakbari Dehkordi M, Kakojoibari AA, Mohtashami T, Yektakhah S. Stress in mothers of hearing impaired children compared to mothers of normal and other disabled children. Audiol. 2011;20(1):128-36. Persian.
2. Aliakbari Dehkordi M, Alipour A, Esmaeilzadeh Kiabani M, Mohtashami T. Effectiveness of positive parenting program on mothers stress with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder children. Journal of Exceptional Children. 2013;13(4):23-31. Persian.
3. Aliakbari Dehkordi M, Kakojoibari A, Mohtashami T. A comparison of coping styles of mothers of exceptional children with mothers of normal children. Journal of Rehabilitation. 2012;13(1):71-8. Persian.
4. Dalzell J, Nelson H, Haigh C, Williams A, Monti P; West Cheshire Hearing Advisory and Support Team (HAST). Involving families who have deaf children using a Family Needs Survey: a multi-agency perspective. Child Care Health Dev. 2007;33(5):576-85.
5. Berjis M, Hakim Javadi M, Taher M, Gh. Lavasani M, Hossein Khanzadeh AA. A comparison of the amount of worry, hope and meaning of life in the mothers of deaf children, children with autism, and children with learning disability. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 2013;3(1):6-27. Persian.
6. Shinn MM. Parent-child interaction therapy with a deaf and hard of hearing family. Clin Case Stud. 2013;12(6):411-27.
7. Sanders MR. Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: towards an empirically validated multilevel parenting and family support strategy for the prevention of behavior and emotional problems in children. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 1999;2(2):71-90.
8. Sanders MR. Every parent: a positive approach to children's behavior. 1st ed. Sydney: Addison-Wesley Pub; 1993.
9. Spijkers W, Jansen DE, de Meer G, Reijneveld SA. Effectiveness of a parenting programme in a public health setting: a randomised controlled trial of the positive parenting programme (Triple P) level 3 versus care as usual provided by the preventive child healthcare (PCH). BMC Public Health. 2010;10:131.
10. Sanders M, Bor W. Working with families in poverty: towards a multilevel population-based approach. In: Crane DR, Heaton TB, editors. Handbook of families and poverty. 1st ed. New York: SAGE Publications, Inc; 2008. p. 442-56.
11. Turner KMT, Sanders MR. Dissemination of evidence-based parenting and family support strategies: learning from the triple p-positive parenting program system approach. Aggress Violent Behav. 2006;11(2):176-93.
12. Roshanbin M, Pouretemad HR, Khooshabi K. The impact of positive parenting program on maternal stress of mothers of 4-6 years old children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disord. J Family Research. 2007;3(10):555-72. Persian.
13. Farzadfard SZ, Hooman HA. The role of child rearing training skills in reducing mothers' stress and children's behavioral problems. Developmental Psychology: Journal of Iranian Psychology. 2008;4(15):277-92. Persian.
14. Ajilchi B, Borjali A, Janbozorgi M. The impact of a parenting skills training program on stressed mothers and their children's self-esteem level. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011;30:316-26.
Published
2017-07-31
How to Cite
1.
Aliakbari Dehkordi M, Kakojouibari AA, Mohtashami T, Yekdelehpour N. The effect of positive parenting program on parenting stress of mothers with impaired hearing children. Aud Vestib Res. 23(6):66-75.
Section
Research Article(s)